Assignment Clause In Listing Agreement

THIS LISTING AGREEMENT is made and entered into this ____ day of _______, _____, between_________________________, a ___________ corporation (the "Company") and ________________________ ("Broker").

In consideration of the mutual benefits and obligations of the parties set forth in this Agreement, the Company hereby retains the Broker to use its best efforts to solicit offers for the purchase of substantially all of the asset or all of the stock if the Company, subject to the following terms and conditions:

ARTICLE I

OBLIGATIONS OF BROKER

Broker shall use its best efforts to find a buyer for substantially all of the assets or stock of the Company.Broker shall (1) include the Company with other listings maintained by Broker; (2) place a suitable sign on the premises; (3) promptly notify the Company of prospective buyers; and (4) show the Company's premises and operations to prospective buyers.

ARTICLE II

BROKER'S COMMISSION

2.1 Commission. Broker shall receive a commission of ____% of the selling price of substantially all of the assets or stock of the Company if: (1) Broker procures a buyer who is ready, willing, and able to purchase substantially all of the assets or stock of the Company on terms deemed acceptable by the Company in its sole and absolute discretion; and (2) substantially all of the assets or stock of the Company are sold to a buyer procured by the Broker during the term of this listing or if, within ___ months after the termination of this listing, substantially all of the assets or stock of the Company are sold to a buyer who was first submitted to the Company by the Broker.

2.2 Expenses. The Company and the Broker shall each pay their own respective expenses involved in performance of their respective duties under this Agreement.

ARTICLE III

TYPE OF LISTING

This listing is and shall be an exclusive listing from the date first set forth above through _________, _____, and the Broker's right to a commission will arise from a sale of substantially all of the asserts or stock of the Company to a buyer who is procured by the Broker, but shall not accrue if the buyer is procured by the Company itself.

ARTICLE IV

TERM

The rights and obligations of the parties shall commence on the date first set forth above, and shall terminate at midnight on _________, _____. This listing may be cancelled by either party at any time after __________, _____, by ____ days' written notice.

ARTICLE V

CONFIDENTIALITY

5.1 Confidentiality Obligations. During the term of this Agreement and for a period of ten (10) years thereafter, Broker shall maintain in confidence and use only for purposes of this Agreement any information or documentation which Seller marks "Confidential" (collectively "Confidential Information"). To the extent it is reasonably necessary or appropriate to fulfill its obligations or exercise its rights under this Agreement, Broker may disclose Confidential Information which it is otherwise obligated under this Article not to disclose to its affiliates and to prospective buyers, on a need-to-know basis, on condition that such entities or persons agree to keep the Confidential Information confidential for the same time periods and to the same extent as Broker is required to keep the Confidential Information confidential.

5.2 Limitations on Usage. Except as expressly authorized by this Agreement or by other prior written consent of the Company, for the term of this Agreement and for ten (10) years thereafter, Broker shall not deliver, transmit, or provide to any person other than as permitted under this Agreement, and shall not use any of the Confidential Information, or authorize, cause, or aid anyone else to do so.Except as permitted in this Agreement, nothing shall be deemed to give Broker any right or license to use or to replicate or reproduce any of the Confidential Information, or to authorize, aid, or cause others so to do.

5.3 Survival. The covenants set forth in this Article V shall survive the termination of this Agreement and continue in full force and effect for ten (10) years without limitation.

ARTICLE VI

GENERAL PROVISIONS

6.1 Binding Effect; Benefits. This Agreement shall inure to the benefit of the parties hereto and shall be binding upon the parties hereto and their respective heirs, successors, and assigns. Except as otherwise set forth herein, nothing in this Agreement, expressed or implied, is intended to confer on any person other than the parties hereto or their respective heirs, successors, and assigns any rights, remedies, obligations, or other liabilities under or by reason of this Agreement.

6.2 Governing Law. This Agreement shall be construed as to both validity and performance and enforced in accordance with and governed by the laws of __________.

6.3 Severability. If any term, covenant, condition, or provision of this Agreement or the application thereof to any circumstance shall be invalid or unenforceable to any extent, the remaining terms, conditions, and provisions of this Agreement shall not be affected thereby and each remaining term, covenant, condition, and provisions of this Agreement shall be valid and shall be enforceable to the fullest extent permitted by law. If any provision of this Agreement is so broad as to be unenforceable, such provisions shall be interpreted to be only as broad as is enforceable.

6.4 Entire Agreement. This Agreement shall constitute the entire agreement between the parties and any prior understanding or representation of any kind preceding the date of this Agreement shall not be binding on either party to this Agreement except to the extent incorporated in this Agreement.

6.5 Amendments. This Agreement may not be modified or changed except by an instrument or instruments in writing signed by the Company and the Broker.

6.6 Assignment. The rights and obligations of the parties under this Agreement shall not be assignable except with the prior written consent of the other party hereto.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have caused this Agreement to be executed as of the date first above written.

_____________________ ("Company") _____________________ ("Broker")

By:_____________________________By:_____________________________

Contract Basics



 An agent must have a working knowledge of contract law because every aspect of the business deals with contracts. A contract is an oral or written agreement to do or not to do a certain thing.

Many oral contracts are valid and enforceable. However, most contracts involving real estate must be in writing to be enforceable.
The statute of frauds determines the documents that must be in writing to be enforceable. In most states, real estate documents such as sale contracts, deeds, and mortgages must be in writing.

Some states allow an oral listing for less than one year. But in order to be compensated, a brokerage firm needs an employment contract in writing to collect compensation. Therefore it is in an agent’s best financial interest to have a written listing agreement.

Many real estate contracts contain a time for performance. For example, a listing contract contains an expiration date, an offer contains a time period, and a sales contract contains a date at which time the buyers must inspect the property and secure a mortgage commitment and a closing date. In the case where a time period is not specified, the law will give a reasonable time to complete the contract.

When the phrase "time is of the essence" is written in the contract, it means that everything must be done within a specific time. If the requirement is not met, the promisor will be held to have breached the contract and the rescission by the promisee would be justified.
An "as is clause" in a contract means the buyer is buying the property as he sees it, with all existing conditions. The seller is still bound to disclose property defects, but not to make repair.

An assignment is the transfer of contract rights from one party to another. This could be the transfer of a right, title, or interest in a property.

A contract is assignable unless the contract or state law forbids it. Personal service contracts are usually not assignable. The party transferring the contract is called the assignor; the party receiving the transferring contract is called the assignee. For example, two years ago you entered into a five-year lease agreement and opened your business. Today, a party wants to buy your business.
 If you sell your business, and assignment is permitted by your lease contract, you may assign your lease to the new owner. If the lease is assigned, you are the assignor and the new owner is the assignee. The landlord would now expect the lease payment from the new owner.

An assignment does not relieve the assignor from liability unless novation has been granted. Novation is the substitution of one contract for another and releases liability. Just remember "nova" is Latin for "new", hence "novation", a new contract.
A liquidated damage clause is a contractual provision that determines in advance the measure of damages if a party breaches the agreement.

In a sales contract, the earnest money may be considered liquidated damages if the parties so agree. That is, if the buyer breaches the agreement, the seller may keep the earnest money.

Specific performance is court action to force the completion of a contract. For example, if all the requirements of a contract have been met, and the seller refuses to sell the property, the buyer may sue for specific performance. Brokers do not sue for specific performance.

The rescission of a contract occurs when there is an agreement between the contracting parties to waive all the remaining duties and to terminate the contract. In essence, it would be returning the parties to the same legal position they were in before entering into the contract.

Real Estate Exam Articles : Contracts

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