National Education Day is celebrated on November 11 to mark the birth anniversary of independent India's first education minister and freedom fighter Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad known as Maulana Abul Kalam Azad who served the country from 1947 to 1958. Azad voiced for universal
National Education Day is celebrated on November 11 to mark the birth anniversary of independent India's first education minister and freedom fighter Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad known as Maulana Abul Kalam Azad who served the country from 1947 to 1958.
Azad voiced for universal primary education, girl's education, free and compulsory education till 14, vocational training and technical education.
Why November 11 is celebrated as National Education Day: Know about Azad's role in India's education
- Azad was born on November 11, 1888. His real name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin who eventually became known as Maulana Azad
- His birth anniversary is celebrated as the National Education Day
- Being the chairman of the Central Advisory Board of Education, he gave momentum to adult literacy and advocated for diversification of secondary education and vocational training
- He administered the formation of The Central Institute of Education, Delhi which later became the Department of Education of DU
- Under his chairmanship, the Ministry of Education established the first Indian Institute of Technology in 1951 and the University Grants Commission in 1953
- He emphasised the set up of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and Faculty of Technology of Delhi University
- Speaking at a conference on All India Education on January 16, 1948, he said, " We must not for a moment forget, it is a birthright of every individual to receive at least the basic education without which he cannot fully discharge his duties as a citizen."
- He was one of the founders of Jamila Milia Islamia University
- In 1992, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna.
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By: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Updated: November 11, 2017 8:03 pmNational Education Day: The first IIT, IISc, School of Planning and Architecture and the University Grants Commission were established under Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s tenure.
On November 11 every year, India celebrates the national education day with institutions across the country conducting competitions, seminars and workshops. Here are some points you need to know about this event event and why it is an important day for the nation.
1. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad:
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was the country’s first education minister after India won independence from colonial rule. He served as the education minister from 1947 to 1958. He was born on November 11, 1888 and the National Education Day is celebrated in his memory.
2. Belief in education:
Maulana Azad emphasised on quality education as he considered schools to be laboratories which produce future citizens of the country. He strongly advocated universal primary education, girls’ education, free and compulsory education for all children upto the age of 14, vocational training and technical education.
His real name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin. He started a weekly journal in 1912 in Urdu called Al-Hilal to increase the revolutionary recruits and was awarded India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna in 1992. Most of the major cultural and literary academies we have today, including the Sangeet Natak Academy, Lalit Kala Academy, Sahitya Academy as well as the Indian Council for Cultural Relations were established by Azad. The first IIT, IISc, School of Planning and Architecture and the University Grants Commission were established under his tenure.
4. How is it celebrated:
The University Grants Commission has asked educational institutions across the country the celebrate the day by organising seminars, symposia, essay writing, elocution competitions, workshops and rallies with banners, cards and slogans. The day aims to spread awareness about the importance of and the nation’s commitment to education.
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