Tx Bar Exam Essay Subjects List

Bar Exam Format

The Procedure and Evidence Exam consists of 40 short answer questions covering both Civil and Criminal Procedure and Evidence to be completed in 90 minutes. Answers to the P&E Exam are limited to five handwritten lines or the typed equivalent. Topics covered include: Federal and Texas Criminal Procedure and Evidence, and Texas Civil Procedure and Evidence including Jurisdiction.

Texas Essay Exam

The Texas Essay Exam consists of 12 essay questions to be completed in two, 3-hour sessions, with each session covering 6 questions. Topics covered include the following Business Associations, including Agency, Corporations, Partnerships, Limited Liability Companies and Professional Associations (2 essays), Consumer Rights, including DTPA and Insurance (1 essay), Family Law (2 essays), Real Property, including Oil and Gas (2 essays), Trusts and Guardianships (1 essay) Uniform Commercial Code (2 essays), and Wills and Administration (2 essays). Cross-Over Topics are tested only as elements of questions on other subjects and include: Bankruptcy and Personal Income, Corporate, and Estate & Gift Taxation Cross-over topics are included where appropriate as an element of questions in other subjects such as Family Law, Real Property, Wills & Estate Administration, etc.

Multistate Bar Exam (MBE)

The MBE consists of 200 multiple-choice questions that test the following areas: Civil Procedure, Constitutional Law, Contracts and Sales, Criminal Law and Procedure, Evidence, Real Property, and Torts.

Multistate Performance Test (MPT)

The MPT is designed to assess the examinee’s ability to use fundamental lawyering skills in a realistic situation. Each examinee receives a “File” of source documents and a “Library” of cases, statutes, and rules. Each MPT question is designed to be answered within 90 minutes. It provides all necessary materials to answer the question and does not require the applicant to use any state-specific law.

Subjects Tested

Texas Subjects

  • Business Associations (including Agency, Corporations, Partnerships, Limited Liability Companies and Professional Associations)
  • Consumer Rights including DTPA and Insurance
  • Family Law, including Community Property
  • Real Property, including Oil and Gas
  • Trusts and Guardianships
  • Uniform Commercial Code
  • Wills & Estate Administration

MBE Subjects

  • Civil Procedure
  • Constitutional Law
  • Contracts and Sales
  • Criminal Law and Procedure
  • Evidence
  • Real Property
  • Torts
The Texas Bar Exam tests your knowledge of the following subjects by essay question.  
Texas Bar Flash summarizes Texas Law for each of the subjects.

Beneath each major subject area listed below are examples of the sub-categories included on the TBF summary page.
  • The Rule of Capture
  • Pooling & Unitization
  • Mineral & Royalty Interests
  • The Oil & Gas Lease
  • Personal Representative Duties
  • Estate Administration
  • Trusts — The Beneficiary
  • Intestate Distributions
  • Interpretation & Integration of Wills
  • Appointment of a Guardian
  • Establishing the Marriage
  • Community Property
  • Dissolution of the Marriage
  • The Parent-Child Relationship
  • The D.T.P.A
  • Breach of Warranty
  • Procedural Steps to filing suit.
  • Insurance related claims.
  • Debt collection practices
  • Admissibility of various types.
  • Witnesses
  • Hearsay
  • Expert Testimony
  • Authentication
  • Character Evidence
  • Impeachment
  • Hearsay
  • Hearsay Exceptions
  • Privileges
  • Presumptions
  • Relevance
  • Jurisdiction
  • Filing a Lawsuit
  • Counter-Claims/Cross-Claims
  • Pre-Trial Procedure
  • Discovery
  • The Trial
  • Post-Judgment Procedures
  • Jurisdiction
  • Preliminary Hearings
  • Search Warrants
  • Pre-Trial Motions
  • Trial By Jury
  • Punishment
  • Post-Conviction Relief
U.C.C. ARTS. 2, 3,4, & 9
  • Buyer & Seller Obligations
  • Non-Conforming Goods
  • Holder in Due Course
  • Secured Transactions
  • Characteristics of a Corporation
  • Distributions
  • Directors & Shareholders
  • Formation & Powers
  • Partner Liability
  • Events of Withdrawal
  • Limited Partners
  • Homestead
  • Transfers of Land
  • Security Interests
  • Tort Liability


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